Local Life
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Colombia

Comuna 13 in Medellin

Medellin is a city that has gone through an incredible transformation and nowhere is this more apparent than on the tour of Comuna 13 (pronounced co-moo-na tray-say). Comuna 13 is a district of Medellín that was a nexus of violence just 8 years ago, and is now relatively peaceful, although with many lingering issues and painful memories.

There are a number of tours that take you through the neighborhood, but please be sure to take one that uses local guides. We went with Zippy’s Comuna 13 tour and our guide was a lovely woman who took us to her home and told us stories from her childhood.

Zippy’s Comuna 13 Tour

The tour starts at the San Javier station with the bright blue-clad tour guides. Since the guides are locals who have lived in Comuna 13, a lot of their passion comes from the heart.

Not too long ago, there was a stigma associated with living in Comuna 13, so being able to tell a group of foreigners about their district is a huge turnaround for them.

As you climb the hill (Comuna 13 is set into the hillsides of Medellín), watch out for this view of the neighborhood. If you squint, the two bumps in the horizon, can be followed down to a point, making the comuna a colorful heart shape.

Panorama of Comuna 13 heart

Exposure
1/1250s ƒ/4.2 @ ISO 200
Focal Length
23mm
Camera
DMC-GX85
Date & Time
June 5, 2018, 1:00 pm

Street Art

The main focus of the tour is the variety of street art that you can see around the area, It’s beautiful, vibrant and full of symbols – elephants to represent the long memories of the people here, large eyes to represent all that the people have seen.

Comuna 13 Elephants

Exposure
1/800s ƒ/4 @ ISO 200
Focal Length
14mm
Camera
DMC-GX85
Date & Time
June 5, 2018, 12:44 pm

By the way, remember that some of these images are powerful reminders of a painful past. Don’t pose with them in insensitive or disrespectful ways. Some are just art, but ask the guide the meaning before you take any funny photos.

The symbolism of the street art in Comuna 13 is a powerful reminder of a painful past.

Perspectives

There’s a lot of angles to shoot street art from, but you want to watch out for everything else in the frame. One bag of trash can ruin your shot.

If you have a bunch of Teva-wearing tourists milling about, your best chance might be to shoot dead-on and capture just the art. By this I mean, stand right in front of the image to shoot it, not too close or you’ll get distortion. Then, wait for your moment, and shoot the art perfectly level.

Exposure
1/500s ƒ/4.2 @ ISO 200
Focal Length
23mm
Camera
DMC-GX85
Date & Time
1528203074

But it is street art, so if you have interesting foreground elements, or can capture some aspect of neighborhood life, you can make a way more powerful image by providing the viewer some context.

Comuna 13 Photo Guide

Exposure
1/1000s ƒ/6.3 @ ISO 1250
Focal Length
17mm
Camera
DMC-GX85
Date & Time
June 5, 2018, 2:25 pm

History of Comuna 13

So why was Comuna 13 so violent? The sad fact is that regular citizens struggled to live normal lives while competing guerrilla and paramilitary groups fought for control of the drugs, guns and other illegal activities.

In October 2002, the government of Colombia, having vowed to crack down on the guerrillas (FARC) carried out a week long security operation in Comuna 13, called Operation Orion. Heavily armed soldiers and police descended into the neighborhood with tanks, police and military helicopters, busting down doors and detaining residents.

Operation-Orion

Exposure
1/80s ƒ/4 @ ISO 200
Focal Length
14mm
Camera
DMC-GX85
Date & Time
June 5, 2018, 12:48 pm

The government claimed the operation was executed by official security forces, but many have testified that the government worked with a paramilitary group (BCN)that had their own motives to gain control of the area.

Many civilians who were detained, disappeared, with no due course and to this day, no information to their families of their whereabouts or more likely and painfully, their remains.

Read more: Families of victims of Operation Orion still searching for the truth..

Transformation

Since then the government has attempted to improve the lives of Comuna 13 residents in various ways. Various art projects, a set of escalators built into the sides of the hills, spaces for children to play – all this has slowly led to a revitalization of the area.

Comuna Trece Escalators

Exposure
1/160s ƒ/4 @ ISO 200
Focal Length
17mm
Camera
DMC-GX85
Date & Time
June 5, 2018, 1:21 pm

I’ll admit, I was a little nervous to head on this tour, but sights like these made me feel a little silly. Everywhere we went, children were playing, biking, roller skating.

Exposure
1/1000s ƒ/6.3 @ ISO 1250
Focal Length
20mm
Camera
DMC-GX85
Date & Time
June 5, 2018, 2:39 pm

To capture a streeet art photo like this, sometimes you have to hang out in front of a nice work until someone comes along and then take the shot.

Patience is the most underrated skill in Photography

Hip Hop Troupes

Another thing you might catch on this tour is a performance from a local community initiative, Casa Kolacho, that organizes breakdance and hip hop classes and also funds most of the murals.

The performance we saw had an extremely talented kid who looked to be just around 11 years old. That’s him in the front below, backflipping like a pro.

To get a good shot of street performances, it goes without saying that you should position yourself well. Here, I was sitting on the ground right in front of them. Then, turn on burst mode on your camera so you can capture the perfect moment.

Casa Kolacho Hip Hop

Exposure
1/1250s ƒ/4.2 @ ISO 1250
Focal Length
23mm
Camera
DMC-GX85
Date & Time
June 5, 2018, 1:47 pm

Read More: The story behind Casa Kolacho

“Medellin isn’t a model of a perfect city, Medellín is a laboratory city, where we experiment on a daily basis, because we’re tired of suffering, because we’re tired of living what we’ve lived.
– Jehihco (Casa Kolacho, Comuna 13)

Final Word

It’s always interesting as a photographer how to wield one’s camera responsibly. I hate to be a voyeur to someone else’s misfortune and so I was unsure about this tour beforehand.

But the guide we spoke to, and the locals we saw, were all proud of the changes transforming the neighborhood. They were also interested in getting their message out – not only that Medellín, Colombia is changing everyday for the positive, but also that many wounds still remain, in memory of the people who were ‘disappeared’.

Nitty Gritty

What to ExpectA tip based tour with a decent amount of walking in the hilly comuna 13, so similar to an easy-moderate hike.

Hours2 tours in Spanish at 10am and 2pm
1 tour in English at 2pm
Tours last around 3 hours
Where to BookOnline at Zippy Free Tour.

While this is a free tour, it is very popular. Letting them know you are coming helps them ensure they have enough guides.
Versatile GearProbably good to bring your most versatile lens. As the tour keeps moving it would be hard to stop and change lenses on your own speed. And in the labyrinthine streets, it would be easy to lose the group. This is also not a great time to lug out the tripod.

For Canon, this 18-135mm covers a good range for this sort of tour.
Canon EF-S 18-135mm f/3.5-5.6 IS STM Lens
Buy Now


For Nikon, this would be my rec:
Nikon 18-200mm f/3.5-5.6G Zoom Lens
Buy Now

This post has affiliate links. If you use the link, you don’t pay anything extra but Sidecar Photo gets money for another glass of wine!

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Shimona Carvalho
Photographer, Engineer, Traveler who wants to help you take incredible photographs on your next trip.
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